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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): Symptoms and Management

2013-03-19 10:56

Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a progressive kidney disease and it usually won’t cause any symptoms in the early several decades. However, most patients will have some symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease with age. If these symptoms can’t be controlled very well, they will worsen patients’ condition. What are the symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease? Are there relative therapies to manage them?

The following is an overall narration of these symptoms

1. High blood pressure

High blood pressure or hypertension occurs in about 60% to 70% of people with PKD and for many is the first sign of the disease. There is an intimate link between high blood pressure and kidney damage. If high blood pressure can’t be reduced, it will accelerate the rate of kidney function loss. For hypotensive agents, ACEI and ARB are preferable by patients with PKD.

2. Kidney stones

Nearly 20% to 30% of people with PKD develop kidney stones, when a lot of wastes and toxins build up in the body. Then, back pain or urinary blockage happens easily as a consequence of kidney stones. Surgery and herbal medicines both can help remove them from the body with different ways.

3. Urinary tract infections

It is more likely to lead to urinary tract infections, when too many fluid-filled sacs grow in the kidney or some renal cysts rupture suddenly. As a result, blood urine or hematuria will occur to warn people of this severe healthy problem. To control urinary tract infections, antibiotics and shrinking these cysts are needed.

4. Swelling or edema

Swelling around eyes, hands or feet reminds us of the abnormal kidney function. When kidney can’t do its job optimally, too much fluid and salt deposit in the body and then swelling occurs suddenly. Diuretics and correct intake of water and salt is the key to alleviate patients’ swelling.

5. Back or side pain

If some renal cysts are too big or rupture, they will oppress or infect the surrounding kidney tissues and then most of PKD patients have to tolerate back pain or side pain. This maddening pain urges them to an effective treatment.

Besides, there are many other symptoms include headache, proteinuria, renal failure, etc. Different patients have various symptoms. In a word, the above Polycystic Kidney Disease symptoms all come from the enlarge kidney cysts or the rupture of kidney cysts, so patients with PKD should seek the most effective treatment to shrink those fluid-filled sacs and improve their kidney function.

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