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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Hemodialysis Potassium Needed Daily

2014-06-10 02:13

Hemodialysis Potassium Needed DailyPatients in advanced stage of renal disease need extra help to keep the body running adequately. Hemodialysis is a method to remove wastes and toxins by cleaning the blood. In this process, patients may see their potassium level either elevates or declines. Why? How to treat the two conditions? What is the daily intake of potassium needed by hemodialysis patients?

Changes of potassium in hemodialysis

Both high level or low level of potassium can occur in hemodialysis patients. However, patients usually experience high potassium level, which is also called Hyperkalemia in clinic.

The normal range of serum potassium level is 3.5-5.5mmol/L, so when is more than 5.5mmol/L, hyperkalemia is diagnosed. When the level is higher than 7mmol/L, severe hyperkalemia occurs, and if untreated, patients’ lives will be threatened.

Symptoms of too much potassium

Early symptoms of high potassium include muscle weakness, numbness and tingling in the fingers and toes. If potassium levels continue to increase, it can lead to an irregular heartbeat and heart palpitations. Without immediate medical treatment, the heart will stop beating.

Managing intake

Although most fruits and vegetables are high in potassium, they provide a variety of other beneficial nutrients. If you’re on a low-potassium dialysis diet, choose apples, grapes, watermelon, peaches, pineapple, green beans, summer squash, bell peppers and onions -- they tend to have lower potassium counts, yet still provide plenty of other vitamins and minerals. Avoid high-potassium bananas, oranges, cantaloupe, mangoes, potatoes, beans, peas, spinach and tomatoes. Milk products and chocolate products also tend to be high in potassium.

In general, patients in hemodialysis take 2-3g/L potassium, and patients with little urine should keep a lower intake of that required amount.

Certainly, the daily need of potassium is based on the patients’ illness conditions. You should make your potassium level monitored by your doctors.

You can send us your recent test report, and we will give you specific suggestions according to your own condition. Our email address is

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