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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

5 Suggestions for Dialysis Patients to Stay Away from Heart Disease

2018-07-24 08:19

Clinical data show that it is not uremia that threatens the life of patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but the complications of kidney disease, including non-dialysis kidney patients and patients with dialysis and kidney transplantation.

The number of people who die from cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases in the world is up to 15 million each year. The disease has the characteristics of high prevalence, high disability rate and high death rate, and seriously threatens human life and health. So how can kidney patients, especially those on dialysis, reduce their risk of developing heart disease?
5 Suggestions for Dialysis Patients to Stay Away from Heart Disease

1. For kidney patients with high blood pressure, blood pressure should be controlled well.

Hypertension is the first risk factor for cardiovascular death, heart disease and stroke, and the vast majority of patients with kidney disease have hypertension, so blood pressure must be controlled.

-Limit sodium intake so as to avoid electrolyte imbalance. Daily salt intake should be less than 5g.

-Antihypertensive drug therapy. It has been shown that hypertension treatment with ACEI or ARBs can reduce the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. And with the decrease of blood pressure, the risk will reduce 20%-25%.

-For patients with edema and dialysis, they should limit fluid intake to avoid water retention.

-Prolong dialysis time or increase dialysis frequency to prevent water retention;
5 Suggestions for Dialysis Patients to Stay Away from Heart Disease

2. For kidney patients with diabetes, blood sugar level should be controlled well.

Besides kidney disease, diabetes itself is a common cause of cardiovascular disease. Now you have both kidney disease and diabetes, so importance should be attached to heart disease.

-Adjust the diet. Before and after meals, you must avoid excessive calorie intake;

-Take hypoglycemic drugs as prescribed by your doctor, such as sulfonylurea and metformin.

-Check blood glucose regularly and control the level within the normal range. Generally 3.89 ~ 6.11mmol/L on an empty stomach.
5 Suggestions for Dialysis Patients to Stay Away from Heart Disease

3. Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases are associated with high blood lipids, so to lower cholesterol levels.

-To have annual physical examination, and monitor blood lipid levels regularly, such as serum total cholesterol, low or high density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides;

-To take cholesterol-lowering drugs in combination with a low-fat diet;

-To strengthen exercise, which helps blood flow smoothly;
5 Suggestions for Dialysis Patients to Stay Away from Heart Disease

4. Dialysis patients often have anemia, so pay attention to anemia treatment.

Most people with kidney disease or kidney failure, especially those on dialysis, have severe anemia. Anemia treatment can help prevent heart disease and left heart hypertrophy. Iron supplements and erythropoietin stimulants are commonly used treatment for anemia.

5. To prevent cardiovascular disease, you should adjust your life.

-Relieve pressure. Especially patients who have started dialysis, they often have some concerns;

-Adjust your diet, such as limit foods high in potassium, sodium, fat and phosphorus like dairy products, nuts and soda.

-Adjust your lifestyle. To avoid staying up late and over fatigue.

-Strengthen exercise, improve physical strength and endurance, reduce weight, improve cardiopulmonary function;

-Quit smoking and drinking, etc.

Hope the above 5 suggestions are helpful for you to stay away from heart disease. If you would like to know more information on kidney failure treatment, please leave a message below or contact online doctor.

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