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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

What Causes Severe Leg Cramps in Dialysis Patient

2013-07-05 17:35

What Causes Severe Leg Cramps in Dialysis PatientLeg cramps easily occur suddenly in dialysis patients, especially at night or during dialysis. It is reported that 33 to 86 percent of patients on dialysis suffer from muscle cramps usually in legs. Making clear what causes severe leg cramps in dialysis is a guarantee for correct management.

The causes of leg cramps in dialysis

Low blood pressure is a common complication of dialysis. It, in turn, can lead to many other healthy problems including leg cramps. With low blood pressure, blood circulation becomes slow. Therefore, less nutrition and oxygen is transported to cells in various organs, while more waste products build up in the body. As a result, leg cramps appear.

Low-sodium dialyzate may be another cause for leg cramps. With low-sodium dialyzate, muscle perfusion declines spontaneously, thus leading to cramps in muscle. In this condition, regulating the sodium concentration in dialyzate can help ease this discomfort.

Although dialysis is able to replace kidneys to remove a part of waste products, it can’t do anything to keep electrolyte and acid-base balance. Then, low magnesium, potassium or calcium level may be the direct cause of leg cramps.

Sometimes when fluid is taken out of the body at a fast rate during dialysis or too much fluid is removed during one dialysis treatment, muscles are easily to react by cramping. In view of this, it is very necessary to avoid weight gaining too much during dialysis session.

From the above analysis, we can know the exact cause of leg cramps on dialysis varies from patient to patient. If your symptoms is due to unreasonable dialyzate or dialysis process, tell your doctor in dialysis center to regulate your dialysis treatment. If your leg cramps are caused by electrolyte imbalance or low blood pressure, ask the online doctor to help you make a healthy diet plan and prescribe some medicines that are suitable for yourself.

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