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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Peritoneal Dialysis and Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-07-30 16:00

Peritoneal Dialysis and Polycystic Kidney DiseasePeritoneal dialysis is one kidney replacement therapy for advanced kidney disease. For PKD patients whose condition develops to end stage, peritoneal dialysis is one treatment option. However, it is commonly believed that Polycystic Kidney Disease patients on peritoneal dialysis are susceptible to technique failure and peritonitis. Is this true?

Firstly, get an overview of peritoneal dialysis (PD).

Peritoneal dialysis is one blood purification method that uses patients’ peritoneum as dialysis membrane. It aims at removing waste products and excessive water from the body, and supplying some essential elements for the body via dialyzate. These two goals are achieved through the exchange of dialyzate infused into abdominal cavity and the plasma in blood capillary.

Peritoneal dialysis and Polycystic Kidney Disease

Polycystic Kidney Disease is one type of chronic kidney disease. With the growth of PKD cysts, they will replace kidney inherent cells gradually and cause a big pressure on abdominal organs. When patients’ kidney function declines to 15% or less, they are more likely to be recommended to begin hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis. In most cases, peritoneal dialysis produces less side effects and discomforts than hemodialysis.

However, for PKD patients on peritoneal dialysis, they may experience some complications due to PD.

● Peritonitis: During PD, inflammation in gastrointestinal tract, infections associated with catheter and other factors may cause peritonitis easily.

● Infections: Their occurrence is mainly due to catheter-related infections including infections in exit and tunnel infections.

● Peritoneal dialysis catheter dysfunction such as catheter malposition and conduit jam.

● Hernia: It is caused by the increased pressure in abdominal cavity.

● Peritoneal failure

● Malnutrition, cardiovascular diseases and electrolyte imbalance.

Alternative treatments

Both peritoneal dialysis and PKD can lead to a big pressure on abdominal cavity, thus causing some complications. If you have Polycystic Kidney Disease and low kidney function, try to find some treatments that can shrink your PKD cysts and improve your kidney function. Only if your kidney function is improved, you can avoid peritoneal dialysis or hemodialysis successfully. (If you would like, you can click on Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy for Polycystic Kidney Disease, which is an effective treatment to help PKD patients avoid dialysis.)

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