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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Can Kidney Shrink From Untreated UTI

2014-06-19 00:58

Can Kidney Shrink From Untreated UTIKidney shrinkage also refers to as kidney atrophy or kidney shrinking, which is characterized by the shrinkage in the size of one or both kidneys. It is not rare in clinic and there are many causes of kidney shrinking. Can kidney shrink from untreated UTI (Urinary Tract Infection)?

Patients normally do not know they have kidney shrinkage unless they have an ultrasound test. They may have high blood pressure and back pain in the early stage. Their kidney function is normal and there is no obvious hematuria or proteinuria. However, their kidney function may decline fast after tiredness, infection (especially urinary tract infection) and malpractice of medicines. After several years, both the kidneys will shrink. Therefore, urinary tract infection is a risk of kidney shrinkage. If so, how does untreated urinary tract infection cause kidney shrinkage?

Generally speaking, urinary tract infection causes no serious problems if treated timely and reasonably. It can be controlled easily by medicines. However, if left untreated, it possibly develops into Pyelonephritis. This condition can cause inflammation and scarring of kidneys, thus leading to permanent kidney damage. Kidney damage usually means the damage of nephrons, especially glomeruli. As kidneys have a strong compensatory ability, no obvious symptoms occur unless more than half of the glomeruli are damaged. Therefore, if you have urinary tract infection, you should take a timely treatment and have a regular test to check your kidney function. Next, I will tell you some treatments to prevent urinary tract infection from developing into kidney shrinkage.

The best way to prevent urinary tract infection from developing into kidney shrinkage is to control infection effectively and timely. Antibiotics are first-line options for controlling infection. Drinking more water (1500ml-2000ml per day) can help eliminate bacteria inhibiting urinary system to some extent. Also, you’d better choose fresh fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamins or are diuretic. Meanwhile, smoking and alcohol are not recommended.

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