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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Food and Drinks Live Healthy

2013-03-06 15:36

At present, Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is one of most common inherited disease, and it affects 600,000 persons in America and 12.5 million persons all over the world. About one-half of patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease will end up with kidney failure. Dietary strategies play an important role in slowing the progression of PKD and alleviating the symptoms of renal failure. Choosing the correct food and drinks is helpful.

Now let us say something about the choice of PKD patients’ food.

Which kind of food can patients with PKD choose?

◆ Low-fat diet full of fruits, vegetables and grains.

Almost all kinds of vegetables, grains and fruits contain high fiber that can slow the progression of Polycystic Kidney Disease. The reason is that high-fiber foods can combat insulin resistance-high insulin levels have been linked with faster rates of PKD progression.

◆ Avoid Low-potassium and low-phosphorus foods

Patients with PKD usually have high-potassium and high-phosphorus symptoms. If your doctor has told you have these symptoms, you must choose the healthier food. Low-potassium food include mushrooms, onions and green peppers, while high-potassium foods include acorn squash, potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli, orange juice, lentils and other legumes. High-phosphorus foods such as milk, organ meats, beer, chocolate and cola drinks should also be avoided if your phosphorus level is high.

◆ Limit the intake of protein

To patients with PKD, a lot of protein will increase the load on the kidneys. Therefore, it is essential to limit the protein intake. High Protein is found in these foods: eggs, milk, cheese, meat, seafood and other dairy products. Rather than the above foods, patients can choose bread, vegetables, fruits, cereals, etc.

◆ Limit the intake of sodium

Polycystic Kidney Disease is relative with salt, so lowering the intake of sodium salt is very important for patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease.

How much water should patients with PKD drink?

Patients with PKD must take correct amount of water. The quantity of water intake shouldn’t be more than 1.4 liters. The reason is that these patients lose a part of their ability to concentrate their urine. If they drink too much water, their condition will be aggravated, while significant dehydration may occur if they don’t get enough water especially in the exercise of extreme heat. Hence, the correct intake of water is very important for patients with PKD.

Can patients with PKD drink beer or wine?

Beer and wine belong to alcohol. Your liver rather than your kidneys is responsible for removing alcohol. Therefore, patients with PKD can still drink a little beer or wine if your liver is Ok. Even though they can drink certain amount of alcohol, they should also abide by some tips:

◆ No more than 3 units a day for men

◆ 2 units a day for women

◆ Less than three alcohol-free days a week

In summary

Nowadays, no specific diet can prevent PKD from developing into renal failure, but it is able to help slow this progression. Therefore, if you are a patient with PKD, you had better follow these suggestions.

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