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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Diet Data on ADPKD (Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease)

2014-10-31 15:40

Diet Data on ADPKD (Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease)Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) has two types: ADPKD ((Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease) and ARPKD (Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease). Regardless of the type, ADPKD is likely to lead to Kidney Failure eventually. However, certain dietary changes can help you prevent or relieve some symptoms.

The online introduction is for general ADPKD patient. I cannot list a certain recipe, since each patient has different taste. The following suggestions can give you a guidance. For specific advice, you should consult your dietitian or consult our doctors online directly.


Control sodium intake is to prevent from swelling and high blood pressure from occurring. When kidney function start to lose, waster and electrolyte balance might not be maintained. Therefore, high fluid and sodium build up, leading to swelling or hypertension.

In general, less than 6g sodium each day is recommended by the dietitian and nephrologist. This data refers to the sodium content in all the foods you take, including vegetables, drinks, or sacks, etc.


Low-protein diet is to reduce the burden on kidneys. After protein breaks down in the body, it produce large amounts of urea, which will be discharged by the kidneys as a kind of waste. Protein intake each day is limited to 0.6-0.8g per kilogram of body weight.

Potassium and phosphorous

Abnormal potassium and phosphorous level will lead to some symptoms like shortness of breath, muscle weakness, itchy skin, etc. High-potassium foods such as bananas, spinach, squash, potatoes, tomatoes, broccoli, orange juice, lentils and other legumes must be limited.

High-phosphorus foods like milk, organ meats, beer, chocolate and cola drinks should be avoided if your phosphorus levels are high.


You should know that no specific diet is known to prevent cysts from developing. The above listed can just help you prevent or relieve some symptoms that may be caused by enlarged kidney cysts. You should take right treatment under your doctor's advice.

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