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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Diet To Slow Down The Decline Rate of PKD

2013-05-04 17:02

Diet To Slow Down The Decline Rate of PKDDaily diet plays an important factor that can affect our physical condition. For people with PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease), a right diet not only offers them the necessary nutrition, but also slow down the decline rate of illness condition. Well, what is the right diet for PKD patients?

Diet to slow down the decline rate of PKD refers to:

1. A low-salt diet

Salt is not a beneficial seasoning in renal diet, as it is high in sodium. PKD is a genetic kidney disorder that can cause formation of cysts in kidney which can pur high pressure on surrounding kidney tissues and thus impair kidney function. Kidney is the organ that helps to discharge excessive electrolyte. When kidney function is affected due to PKD, lots of sodium build up in blood, leading to hypernatremia. In such a case, if PKD patients eat too much salt, hypernatremia will be worsened. Besides, high salt intake also can elevates blood pressure, which will accelerate PKD to kidney failure. Considering these two reasons, a low-salt diet is necessary for PKD patients to slow down the decline rate of PKD.

2. Diet with high quality protein

A diet with adequate protein is necessary for PKD patients as high protein intake will cause heavy burden on kidney and thus worsen kidney condition. In addition, while limiting protein intake, please remember to choose high quality protein which can meet the basic physical demand and meanwhile produce less wastes which need to be discharged by kidney. Common source of high quality protein in our daily diet is fish, lean meat, milk and egg white and so on.

3. Steer clear of foods high in oxalic acid

For PKD patients, oxalic acid is something that they need to avoid in daily diet. It is said the body has no known use for it and when the kideys and liver are functioning well they flush it out of your system with no problem. However, when kidney function is impaired by PKD, trying to avoid putting extra strain on the kidneys will be necessary. Foods high in oxalic acid include spinach, rhubarb, beets, eggplants and cocoa.

4. Keep proper potassium intake and phosphorus intake

Potassium and phosphorus are the most common electrolyte in most of the vegetables and fruits. All these electrolytes are necessary for a healthy body; however, if the content of them in blood is higher than the necessary amount, unnecessary health tissues will be caused. Kidney function affectes potassium level and phosphorus level in blood directly; therefore, it is of great important for PKD patients to choose right foods to adjust electrolyte intake.

There are many points that PKD patients need to pay attention to in their daily diet. Although a right diet helps to slow down the decline rate of PKD, it can not help avoid dialysis and kidney tranplant. To live far away from end stage kidney failure, medical treatment is indispensable.

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