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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

High Creatinine Level: Causes, Symptoms and Management

2013-08-18 14:07

What is the causes, symptoms and treatment of high creatinine level? Creatinine is the metabolic production of muscle, and it is divided into serum creatinine and urine creatinine. For a healthy person, almost all of his creatinine is filtered by kidney, then excreted through urine. Because serum creatinine level is more accurate that urine creatinine to show how well kidney is functioning, here, high creatinine level refers to high serum creatinine level. 

Because kidney has strong compensatory function, creatinine value stays in a relatively constant range in healthy people. High creatinine level won’t appear unless there are too much body fluid losing or half of nephrons is damaged. Many reasons damage nephron, and they can also be treated as the reasons of high creatinine.

The causes of high creatinine:

● Kidney Disease: The most common case is patient with severe kidney diseases, and these diseases have progressed into advanced stage such as CKD, PKD and diabetic nephropathy. In this case, patients’ kidney function has been damaged severely, and their creatinine can not be excreted completely, so they have high creatinine level.

● Dehydration: Too much body fluid loses. Because there is too much body fluid losing, the consistence of creatinine in blood is much higher, so the creatinine level become high.

● Tiredness: People, who often makes himself tired but don’t have good rest, is easy to have high creatinine.

● Infections: If renal insufficiency patient has cold, pneumonia and intestinal infection, he may have high creatinine in a short period.

● High blood pressure: Hypertension patient is easy to get high creatinine due to his unstable blood pressure.

Beside these above, many other factors can also cause high creatinine level. If high creatinine level is associated with severe kidney damage, some symptoms may appear.

The symptoms of high creatinine

If you have high creatinine level, you may find you are experiencing some of symptoms as follow:

● Edema

● Fatigue

● High potassium level or low potassium level

● High phosphorus level or low phosphorus level

● Urine changes such as protein urine and blood urine

● Nausea and vomiting

● Renal anemia

How to lower high creatinine level?

High creatinine is a symptom that presents severe kidney diseases, so it is important to have right therapy immediately. If creatinine level is slight higher than the normal, some diuretics or medications like ketosteril can be helpful, but dialysis may be offered to begin if patients’ creatinine level is above 5.0mg/dl.

Besides therapy, patient’s diet is important to preserve his kidney function and overall health. Different conditions have different restrictions, but to most patient, high quality and low amount of protein is required, and sodium’s intake is limited strictly. The restriction of potassium and phosphorus is decided according to patient’s condition.

Patients also should make himself live a healthy lifestyle. No more smoking, don’t drink alcohol, and do exercise regularly and moderately. In the end, remember to have a good emotion.

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