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How to Distinguish Simple Kidney Cyst and PKD

2014-07-20 09:01

How to Distinguish Simple Kidney Cyst and PKDKidney cyst is a fluid-filled sac and it is divided into three types: Simple kidney cyst, Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), and Acquired Cystic Kidney Disease. Many people are apt to confuse simple kidney cyst and Polycystic Kidney Disease. How to distinguish the two types of renal cyst? This article can give you an overview about the difference between simple kidney cyst and PKD.

1. Pathogenesis

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic disease and can pass on to the next generation. However, Simple Kidney Cyst can be congenital or caused by trauma, inflammation, and tumour.

2. Family history

Many patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease often find that their family members may also have this kind of kidney disease. But for patients with Simple Kidney Cyst, they seldom find others in their family have such renal cyst.

3. Nature of cyst

The simple kidney cyst has a thin wall and has no irregularities in it. Inside the cyst there is nothing but fluid, which when removed is usually yellow or clear.

Inside the cyst of Polycystic Kidney Disease is urine, while fluid (like plasma), which contains red blood cells, is also in the cysts.

4. Complications

Back pain, side pain, flank pain, hematuria, high blood pressure and enlarged kidney are the common complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease. Uncontrolled well, the disease can develop into renal insufficiency and even renal failure which is fatal. However, in most cases, simple kidney cyst is harmless and asymptomatic unless the enlargement or infection of the cyst.

5. Treatment

Simple kidney cyst normally causes no symptoms, so no treatment is needed, while a regular test to check the size of the cyst is necessary.

Polycystic Kidney Disease is more serious and is likely to cause many symptoms. To shrink or remove the cysts on kidneys are very essential.

No matter simple kidney cyst or Polycystic Kidney Disease, you have to do something to prevent the progression. For that matter, you can consult our doctor online, and they will be very glad to help you.

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