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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Hypertension and Diabetes Exacerbate Kidney Disease

2017-09-19 09:24

Hypertension and Diabetes Exacerbate Kidney Disease

According to authoritative data statistics, diabetes has became the second largest reason to cause uremia, just behind chronic nephritis. And recent years, hypertension also plays an important role in this area.

Due to the small mass, lacking of dissemination of kidney disease, it makes patients with it barely relate their diabetes and hypertension to kidney disease. What’s more, because of its latent period, when they found it, it’s too late and only regret left.

It is never too late to mend.

Let’s start with diabetes.

Diabetes will hurt kidney, and high concentration of sugar in blood will make kidney filter much blood. When filters cannot finish extra work, they will filter protein into urine and result in protein urine. In early diagnose of kidney disease, it is hard to find microalbuminuria and doctors often choose combined methods to prevent kidney disease getting worse. Because when it become worse, treatment will be complicate.

Here is an official date: in clinic, there are about 40% diabetes patients will finally develop into diabetic nephropathy which exacerbate into uremia faster than other diseases.

Then, let’s talk about hypertension.

Hypertension will damage blood vessel in kidneys and connected with kidneys and lead to many kidney diseases. Injured kidney affects the adjustment of blood pressure because renal produces steroid to adjust blood pressure. Thus, injured renal and uncontrolled blood pressure will form a vicious circulation. If patients suffer from high blood pressure and diabetes at same time, renal lesion will be worse.

Long term high blood pressure will lead to the following disease:

Kidney lesion. Long term hypertension will narrow, weakness and sclerosis the blood vessel. The injured vessel cannot transport adequate blood, and then lead to renal lesion.

Glomerular sclerosis.

Hypertension is one of the most common causes of kidney failure. Hypertension will impair blood vessel, which leads to an insufficient filteration of toxins in blood, and finally, dialysis or transplant may be needed.

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