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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Skin Changes After Kidney Failure

2018-12-21 10:08

Skin Changes After Kidney FailureWith the gradual deterioration of kidney disease, more and more complications will appear. In this article, let’s talk about the skin changes after kidney failure.

Skin is an important organ of the human body, which plays an important role in metabolism, regulating body temperature, etc. After kidney function is damaged, it will lead to accumulation of toxins in the body. When patients sweat, some toxins are excreted via skin pores, during which some are attached to the skin so as to affect the skin and cause lesions.

Typical symptoms are as follows.

-Pigmentation and dark skin

For some renal insufficiency patients, especially when they develop uremia, there will be obvious changes in skin. It will become dark. That is mainly because kidney function damage is over 80% so that the kidneys can not discharge toxins from the blood. Some toxins flow with blood circulation, some deposit on other organs such as stomach and intestines, leading to nausea and vomiting, and some can damage kidney function. Only a small part of waste products are passed out via skin. And some medium-sized molecule wastes can deposit on skin, making the skin yellow and black.

-Dry skin and skin itching

We all know that dry skin is caused by skin dehydration. After kidneys are damaged, all body systems will be affected. And when kidneys become fibrosis and sclerosis, blood circulation will be affected, leading to extremities ischemia and anoxia. And then it is liely for your hands and feet to be dry. In addition, it can also affect hair follicles, sebaceous glands and sweat glands, causing atrophy so that they cannot discharge water normally. Kidney filtration function decline also can reduce the moisture in the body, which in turn cause dry and itchy.

According to the investigation, the incidence of skin itching in stage 3 kidney disease is 18%, that in stage 4 is 26%, and that in uremia is 42%. Although dialysis can filter excess waste products and extra fluid from body, but it can worse dry skin.

To prevent skin changes, you should do the following things.

-To strictly control diet

To avoid eating spicy, oil, tobacco, alcohol, and foods high in phosphorus, such as cheese, nuts, animal pluck, etc.

-To care your skin

With dry skin, you should make it moisture, for example, to smear some cream. And when taking a bath, the temperature should be no more than 40. Do not scratch your skin.

-To do exercises

Exercises can promote metabolism, strengthen immunity and be conductive to the secretion of toxins. Running, swimming, jogging and so on are all OK.

-To pay attention to the contraindication in drug-using

Do not abuse steroids and other medications that have a lot of side effects. And when you use antipruritic drugs, you should follow the doctor’s advice.

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