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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Tests That Help to Diagnose Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-04-23 11:03

Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited kidney problem, but for people with parents suffering from this genetic kidney disease, how do they know if they have Polycystic Kidney Disease? In clinic, the following tests will help to diagnose this genetic kidney disease.

1. CT (Computerized Tomography) scan

CT is one of the most commonly used medical tests for diagnosing Polycystic Kidney Disease. With CT scan, cysts in kidney can be seen clearly and also this test helps to show kidney shape and enlargement of bilateral kidneys.

2. B ultrasound

B ultrasound is the most frequently used imaging procedure for diagnosing Polycystic Kidney Disease. In this diagnostic method, a wand-like device called a transducer will be placed on Polycystic Kidney Disease patient’s body. It emits inaudible sound waves that are reflected back to the transducer-like sonar. Ultrasound examination shows many dark areas in bilateral kidneys and these dark areas are the place where kidney cysts grow.

3. MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scan

MRI scan can trackes structural changes that predict functional changes for Polycystic Kidney Disease patients. To be honest, it is more accurate than routine blood test and routine urine test.

4. Routine urine test

For Polycystic Kidney Disease patients whose function have been affected, they are running high risk for proteinuria, hematuria, pyuria and bacteriuria. Routine urine test will help to diagnose these abnormal clinical manifestations.

5. Serum creatinine level

Serum creatinine usually does not increase until a half of kidney function is impaired. Therefore, it is necessary for Polycystic Kidney Disease patients to know their serum creatinine level through medical tests.

The above several medical tests are helpful for diagnosing Polycystic Kidney Disease and usually, the more tests patients do, the more they learn about their illness condition. In this light, it is beneficial for Polycystic Kidney Disease to do more medical tests.

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