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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Can I Get PKD With No Family History

2013-04-23 15:49

PKD(Polycystic Kidney Disease) is a genetic kidney problem and passed down from generation to generation, so many people have the misconception that we will certainly not suffer from PKD as we have no family history. Actually, we have chance to get this genetic kidney problem even if we have no family members suffering from PKD.

PKD is related with gene mutation, but not everyone with parents suffering from PKD will definitely have this kidney problem. Generally speaking, people with two parents suffering from Polycystic Kidney Disease have 75% chance to inherit this kidney disorder. And people with one parent suffering from PKD have 50% chance to undergo this disease. Therefore, children with family members undergoing PKD still have chance to live without being damaged by polycystic kidney problem.

Besides, although PKD is genetic-related, people without family history still have chance to suffer from this problem and it occurs in about 10% of cases. It occurs by a randon mutation in the gene that disposes patients to the disease. At present, nobody knows why this occurs and it is considered to be spontaneous.

For PKD with or with no family history, the diagnosis is based on medical tests such as CT scan, B ultrasound, MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging), Routine Urine Test, Routine Blood Test, KUB and IVP (Intravenous Pyelogram) and so on. All these medical tests help to diagnose PKD in different ways and play an important role for PKD patients to learn about their illness condition.

PKD progressives to kidney failure directly without effective treatment. Compared with PKD in advanced stage, PKD in early stage is brought under control more easily. Therefore, it is of great important for PKD patients to have a early diagnosis and treatment, which is based on regular physical examination no matter they have or have no family history.

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