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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

How To Diagnose Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-04-30 10:14

Medical test is a must to diagnose Polycystic Kidney Disease, but aside from medical methods, there are some other factors that also can help to diagnose this genetic kidney problem. The following is the related information about how to diagnose Polycystic Kidney Disease and hope it is helpful.

Medical tests for Polycystic Kidney Disease

Diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease needs to be base on several medical tests:

1. B ultrasound: B ultrasound is the most commonly used imaging technology in the diagnosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease. Usually, when cysts are formed in kidney, dark area will appear in kidney and these dark areas are the place where kidney cysts grow.

2. CT scan: CT scan is as sensitive as ultrasonography in the detection of Polycystic Kidney Disease and to some extent, it is more specific than ultrasonography in differentiating an obstructed renal pelvis from a parapelvic cyst.

3. Genetic test: Polycystic Kidney Disease is a gene-related kidney disorder and with genetic test, mutation of gene can be detected out before the cysts are formed. In another word, genetic test can help a boby know if he will develop Polycystic Kidney Disease in the following life, but disappointedly, it can not help to know when Polycystic Kidney Disease will occur.

Family history

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic kidney problem and is always passed down from generation to generation. Therefore, if one has family history and meanwhile is told to have cysts in kidney, then he is very probably suffering from Polycystic Kidney Disease.

Complications and symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease

With Polycystic Kidney Disease, patients always suffer from a serious of symptoms or complications like lower back pain, flank pain, frequent urinary tract infection, liver cyst, kidney stone, bubbly urine, mass under abdomen and blood urine.

Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited kidney problem, but it does not mean people with no family history will certainly not develop this disease. According to clinic statistic, in about 10% of Polycystic Kidney Disease cases, patients have no family history. Therefore, even if one has no family history, as long as he has the above symptoms, he has a certain of possibility to be diagnosed with Polycystic Kidney Disease.

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