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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

What Blood and Urine Test Can Tell How PKD Progresses

2013-05-13 15:05

Seeing some close relatives tormented by Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD), PKD patients must very concern the progression of their condition. This is why so many patient want to ask what blood and urine test can tell how PKD progresses. Following is an introduction of blood and urine test for PKD in detail.

Blood test for PKD

Blood urea nitrogen (BUN): it is a common blood test to estimate kidney function. Urea is a waste of protein metabolism and the kidneys are responsible to remove it from the body. Usually, the BUN level won’t be higher than the normal until more than 50% of kidney function has lost.

Serum creatinine: this test is more accurate than BUN to evaluate patients’ kidney function. Creatinine is a by-product of muscle metabolism. Just like BUN, creatinine won’t raise higher until more than 50% of kidney function is lost.

Glomerular filtration rate (GFR): This test is most accurate to measure how well the kidney are functioning. According to GFR, both PKD and other chronic kidney diseases can be divided into 5 stage. The low your GFR is, the worse your condition.

Urine test for PKD

Urinalysis: it is the most simple urine tests which are used to screen for kidney problems. Urinalysis can not only detect kidney disorders but also urinary tract problems.

24h urine protein: Excess protein leaking from kidneys is called proteinuria, and we usually use the number of + to show how severe patients’ proteinuria is. 24 urine protein can reflect how well the kidney filters, glomeruli, are working.

Creatinine clearance: A creatinine clearance test is done to measure how much blood the kidneys are filtering out each minute.

According to your condition, some other tests may also need, so you had better tell the online doctor your condition and then he can tell you what test you need to do and what treatment can help you slow down the progression of your PKD.

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