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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Foods To Avoid With Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-03-29 16:27

pkd dietsAs a congenital disease due to gene mutation, there is at present no treatment for polycystic kidney disease, but still there are a lot of things that can be done to help PKD patients ease symptoms, control complications so as to slow illness progression and delay entering into end stage renal disease.

Certain foods should be avoided because they can worsen the symptoms or even stimulate the cysts to experience rapid growth.

Coffee, chocolate and caffeine-containing foods and drinks

It is recommended that PKD patients should drink more water to help increase urine output and wash more wastes from the kidneys and the body. Caffeine on the other hand can easily cause dehydration and worsen high creatinine and high BUN. What is worse, caffeine can stimulate the proliferation of cyst cells and promote the secretion of cyst fluid so as to cause the cysts to grow more rapidly than the normal progression.

Salty and fatty foods

PKD patients often have high blood pressure which will become worse and worse along with gradual loss of kidney functions. Therefore salt and fat intake should be limited to help control blood pressure and alleviate fluid and sodium retention in the body. Fast foods, restaurant foods and highly processed foods often contain a lot of salt and fats, therefore it is better that PKD patients should have healthy home-make diets and foods under the doctor and dietitian’s guidance.

Added sugars

Foods that contain rich added sugars usually contain few nutritions. Eating too much added sugars can cause weight gain and increase blood pressure and blood triglycerides and increase the risk of heart problems. Therefor high-sugar foods such as candy, syrup, jelly, soft drinks should be avoided or limited.

Besides, polluted foods, animal offals, sea foods, spicy and stimulating foods, alcohol and tobacco should all be avoided for PKD patients.

Of cause there are many beneficial foods for PKD such as cranberry, flaxseed oil, etc. For more information about PKD diets, welcome to consult our online doctors.

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