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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

What Are Causes Of A Swollen Kidney

2013-07-15 15:34

What Are Causes Of A Swollen KidneyA swollen kidney, or enlarged kidney, is a condition where the kidney is bigger than the normal size. A swollen kidney isn’t a single disease but reveals some underlying disorders. Making clear the causes of a swollen kidney is a must for the following treatment.

What are causes of a swollen kidney?

Swollen kidney ca be due to different conditions, some of which only involve one kidney but others may affect both kidneys.

1. Polycystic Kidney Disease

It is an inherited disorder that usually occurs in both kidneys, rarely in only one kidney. With Polycystic Kidney Disease, the continuous growth of kidney cysts can stretch kidneys largely. If other members in your family have PKD, consider it when your kidney becomes larger than the normal.

2. Kidney stone

Kidney stone is hard deposit of minerals like calcium and salt that exists in the kidney. If the kidney stone is small in size, it may be removed from the body spontaneously via urine, while large kidney may cause obstruction in urinary tract easily, thus leading to swollen kidney.

3. Acute pyelonephritis

Women, compared with men, are more likely to suffer from acute pyelonephritis, because of their specific physical structure. In most cases, acute pyelonephritis occurs secondary to kidney infection or kidney stone. Most often, patients can find it through some symptoms such as frequent and painful urination.

4. Renal vein thrombosis

It is another common cause of swollen kidney and occurs when blood clots form in the vein, which takes blood away from the kidney. In addition, renal vein thrombosis may also due to kidney cancer or diabetes. At present, doppler is the best way to diagnose this condition.


Besides, hydronephrosis and kidney cancer may also cause swollen kidney. The earlier the enlarged kidney is diagnosed and treated, the better your condition. If left untreated, it may develop kidney failure eventually. You are bothered by this problem? Find out effective treatment timely with doctors’ help.

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