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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

What Is Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) Prognosis

2013-03-12 09:21

Polycystic Kidney Disease PrognosisDifferent patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease have great individual difference in their prognosis, because Polycystic Kidney Disease prognosis is decided by many factors. Since PKD is an inherited kidney disease and affects many patients’ health, today we are here to make a detailed introduction of PKD prognosis.

What is Polycystic Kidney Disease prognosis?

According to different genetic ways, PKD is divided into Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD), and Autosomal Recessive Polycystic Kidney Disease (ARPKD). The later form is very rare, so today we mainly talk about the prognosis of ADPKD. For many people especially young people, PKD is mild and causes minimal changes. However, it is very different for the elder patients. Researches have revealed that 50% of patients with PKD have renal failure by age 60. Once the glomerular filtering rate (GFR) is lower than 50ml/min, the declining rate of GFR will be 50~6.4ml/min. Generally, it needs about 10 years from impaired renal function to ESRD, but this span changes for different patients.

What affects Polycystic Kidney Disease prognosis?

The disease disease course, high blood pressure, proteinuria, immune disorder, blood urine and the size of their kidney all can contribute to various PKD prognoses. When the length of patients’ kidney is above 15cm, blood urine and high blood pressure will occur. If these risks can’t be controlled very well, PKD will develop renal failure. According to the clinical survey, the average age of PKD patients on dialysis is 52. Accepting correct treatment timely is able to delay or avoid dialysis.

Now, we have had an overall understanding of PKD prognosis. At present, there is no specific treatment to make patients get rid of PKD completely, so improving their prognosis is the best way to prolong their life expectancy and enhance their life quality. If you are suffering from this disease, you can tell your questions to the kidney experts online or leave your message. 

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