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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Symptoms And Complications Of Adult PKD

2013-03-26 14:44

Adult PKD (polycystic kidney disease) is a renal disorder which will involve many systems especially in the latter stage. It can cause many typical symptoms of kidney disease but also many complications in other organs and systems.

Symptoms of polycystic kidney disease

1. Renal cysts. Both kidneys are filled with multiple fluid-filled sacs. The cysts can be located in renal cortex, renal medulla or renal pelvis. Both the number and size of the cysts will increase along with time. These cysts will oppress normal renal tissues and surrounding organs and cause a series of symptoms and discomforts.

2. Pains. PKD can cause pains in the back, abdomen and flank. Most commonly the pain is dull and chronic. If the pain is suddenly sharpened, it often indicates kidney stone, cyst rupture or urinary tract obstruction.

3. Blood in urine. More than 90% PKD patients will have blood in urine. Infections, kidney stone, rupture of blood vessels or cancer are all possible causes.

4. High blood pressure. It is the most common in early PKD patients. Nearly all end stage PKD patients will have elevated blood pressure. Controlling high blood pressure can help slow down illness progression of PKD.

5. Decline of kidney functions. In the early stage of PKD, patients can have declined renal concentration ability. It takes about 10 years to develop into end stage renal disease since renal functions are damaged.

Complications of polycystic kidney disease

1. Kidney stones. About 20% ADPKD patients will have the complication of kidney stone which often cause sharp pains or bleeding.

2. Polycystic liver. PKD can cause cysts formation in other organs such as liver, pancreas, spleen, ovarian, arachnoid, pineal gland, etc. Polycystic liver has the highest incidence. Liver cysts will increase gradually and cause pains, but they usually do not affect liver functions.

3. PKD can also cause abnormal heart valve, colonic diverticulum and intracranial aneurysm. About 8% ADPKD patients will have aneurysm which is the main cause of early death for PKD patients, therefore early prevention and treatment is very necessary.

If you have the above mentioned symptoms or complications or if you have family member that is diagnosed with PKD, it is necessary for you to have renal imaging tests so as to have early diagnosis and receive proper treatment as soon as possible.

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