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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Anemia in Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

2013-03-26 16:03

Anemia can be caused by Polycystic Kidney Disease in advanced stage. Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited kidney disorder that can bring patients back pain, blood urine, high blood pressure and bubbly urine symptoms. Ususually, Polycystic Kidney Disease causes no anemai, but in some cases, because of poor control of illness condition, PKD patients will experience renal anemia.

What is anemia?

Anemia is a common medical condition in which count of red blood cell is lower than the normal ragen. Anemia in Polycystic Kidney Disease can be called renal anemia and may cause symptoms like frequent fatigue, sallow complexion, pale lip and shortness of breath which becomes especially obvious after physical exercises.

What can induce anemia in Polycystic Kidney Disease?

In Polycystic Kidney Disease, many factors can contribute to the onset of anemia and the common factors go as follow:

1. Decreased kidney function: A healthy kidney helps to secrete erythropoietin (EPO) which is the necessary component of red blood cells. When kidney function is impaired, the generation of EPO decreases, as a result of which there are less red blood cells.

2. High toxins in the blood: For Polycystic Kidney Disease patients, high level of toxin in their blood will shorten the life span of red blood cells and lead to the sharp decrease of red blood cells.

3. Serious bleeding condition: When Polycystic Kidney Disease runs to kidney failure, pateints experience bleeding easily. Long-term and serious bleeding condition will contribute to renal anemia.

4. Malnutrition: because of restrict diet limitation and great loss of protein from urine, Polycystic Kidney Disease patients are at high risk to suffer from malnutrition which also can casue anemia.

In Polycystic Kidney Disease, anemia deteriorates patient’s illness condition and make them suffer from kidney failure earlier. Therefore, it is very necessay for Polycystic Kidney Disease patients to prevent anemia in advance.

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