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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Life Threatening Complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-03-30 10:04

Polycystic Kidney Disease can cause many life-threatening complication which usually occurs when PKD runs to late stage. Also, these complications always are the final cause for patient’s death. Therefore, learning what life threatening complications that polycystic kidney disease may cause in advance is very important for them to take preventive measures. Well then, what are the life threatening complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease?

1. Polycystic liver disease: Polycystic liver disease is one of the most common complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease and the likelihood that PKD develop it increases with age. Both male and female develop cysts and women often develop larger cysts, compared with male patients.

2. Chronic Kidney Failure: Polycystic Kidney Disease is an inherited kidney disorder which characterized by increasing cysts in kidney. These cysts damage kidney tissues, leading to progressive loss of kidney function. Chronic kidney failure is one of the most life-threatening complications of Polycystic Kidney Disease and also it can be regarded as the final consequence of Polycystic Kidney Disease. At present, there is no treatment for Polycystic Kidney Disease, so chronic kidney failure is always regarded as the final result of patients. However, Polycystic Kidney Disease can be stopped from progressing to kidney failure successfully.

3. Brain Aneurysm: Brain aneurysm actually is not a common complication for Polycystic Kidney Disease, but it threaten’s life seriously. Localized enlargement of an artery in your brain can cause bleeding (hemorrhage) if it ruptures. Compared with elders, people who are younger than age 50 or with uncontrolled high blood pressure are more likely to develop brain aneurysm.

4. High blood pressure: Actually high blood pressure is not life-threatening in short-term, but if Polycystic Kidney Disease patients do not bring it under control, their risk of developing heart disease and stroke will be increased. Both heart disease and stroke are very life-threatening.

5. Heart valve abnormalities: Clinical survey shows as many as one-quarter of adults with Polycystic Kidney Disease develop mitral valve prolapse which is very dangerous.

Polycystic Kidney Disease is not life-threatening unless it develops to advanced stage or cause serious complications. Therefore, the best method for Polycystic Kidney Disease patients to prolong their life span is to stop PKD progression as early as possible.

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