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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

How to Lower High Blood Pressure in Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-03-30 16:40

Lower High Blood Pressure in Polycystic Kidney DiseaseHigh blood pressure has an intimate link with Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD). For people with PKD, the raise of their blood pressure may be due to the enlarged fluid-filled cysts and in turn high blood pressure can accelerate the process of PKD developing renal failure. Therefore, it is very crucial to know how to lower high blood pressure in Polycystic Kidney Disease more safely and effectively.

How often does high blood pressure occur in PKD?

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a chronically progressive condition. In the first several decades, it usually doesn’t cause any symptoms. However, over time, high blood pressure, back pain, urinary tract infections, high creatinine level and renal failure occurs one by one. According to the clinical survey, nearly 60% of patients who have PKD have high blood pressure, which is commonly the first symptom of PKD, by age 20-30. To reduce high blood pressure can pave a smooth road for the following treatment.

How to lower high blood pressure in Polycystic Kidney Disease?

Correct antihypertensive agents, companying with a healthy diet, is a perfect management for high blood pressure. When part of kidney function is lost, sodium retention easily occurs to raise patients’ blood pressure, so a low-sodium diet is very necessary to lower hypertension. Salty condiment, bacon, hamburger, potato chips, preserved foods, canned foods, etc, all can contribute to high-salt foods.

For antihypertensive agents, ACE inhibitor and ARBs are more suitable for patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease, because they have a remarkable benefit in not only lowering high blood pressure but also improving patients’ kidney function especially when the patient has a heavy loss of protein in urine. However, in some cases, one kind of antihypertensive agent is difficult to correct blood pressure effectively, so small dose of several types may be used at the same time.

Generally, with the help of a healthy diet and correct antihypertensive agents, patients’ high blood pressure can be reduced effectively, but it can’t stop the progression of patients’ condition completely, because these cysts still grow very fast. Therefore, a natural treatment to kidney cyst in PKD should also be sought.

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