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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

How Does Low Potassium Level Occur in PKD

2014-07-17 08:11

How Does Low Potassium Level Occur in PKDPolycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a serious renal problem that can affect many other organs and systems, resulting in various disorders. Abnormal potassium level is one of the symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease. You may be wondering how low potassium level occurs in PKD. I would like to explain to you in this article.

What are the symptoms of low potassium level?

When Polycystic Kidney Disease patients have a poor vision, muscle cramps, gastrointestinal tract paralysis, weakness in muscles, fatigue, vomiting, nauseas, irritability or depression, etc, they are likely to have low potassium level in blood.

Why does PKD cause low potassium level?

Low potassium level, also called potassium deficiency or hypokalemia, is defined a potassium level below 3.5-5.0 milliequivalents per liter (mEq/L). The large cyst is progressive and will compress renal tissues and then cause damage of kidneys. Due to the damage, the kidneys, especially the renal tubules get acidosis, which leads to low potassium level.

In addition, due to some gastrointestinal tract problems caused by PKD, patients always have a poor appetite, so they cannot take enough potassium intake from diet, especially when are required to take a low potassium diet for a long term.

Medications, especially diuretics are likely to cause low potassium level. What’ s more, thiazide, aminoglycosides, amphotericin B, β2-agonists, and adrenal steroids can also reduce the serum potassium level.

What are the treatments of hypokalemia?

For a mild fall in the level, the person should be given potassium supplements orally. There are some high potassium foods that you can try out in order to make up the loss. The supplements that the doctor gives you can be in the form of pills of potassium chloride, or maybe potassium acetate or potassium bicarbonate.

However, as Polycystic Kidney Disease is the root cause, treatment should aim at improving kidney function. For that purpose, we can give you some suggestions. Leave a message below or email to, and you can get a reply within 48 hours.

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