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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

How Does Polycystic Kidney Disease Affect Your Body

2014-07-19 07:44

How Does Polycystic Kidney Disease Affect Your BodyPolycystic Kidney Disease is a genetic disorder that can pass on to the next generation. Yet, there are no obvious symptoms in the early stages. This kind of disease progresses with age and some bad life habits. When it reaches to an advanced stage, it will affect your body in many aspects.

1. Effects on kidneys

- Enlarged kidneys: The most common symptom is enlarged kidneys. You will see that your kidneys are bigger than normal size under an ultrasound. In some cases, the kidney swells to a large extent that people look like pregnant.

- Kidney pain: Normally, pain in kidney area occurs is due to the big cyst. As you know, the cyst grows with age, and when it becomes large, it starts to compress renal tissues, resulting pain.

- Kidney function deficiency: When big cysts compress renal tissues, they will cause ischemia and anoxia of the blood vessels in the kidneys. In a long term, the kidney will begin fibrosis because of lack of blood and oxygen supply. Then, the kidney will lose the function or keeping water and electrolyte balance of the body. Many symptoms like frequent urine at night, foamy urine, protein or blood in the urine, anemia, and high blood pressure, etc. All those symptoms can be attributed to loss of kidney function.

2. Effects on brain

The brain can also be affected by polycystic kidney disease. If an artery becomes large in the brain, this can cause a hemorrhage and rupture. The risk of brain aneurysms will also increase.

3. Effects on heart

The heart can also be affected through having polycystic kidney disease. Abnormal heart rhythm will be seen due to high potassium level in PKD.

4. Effects on gastrointestinal tract

The gastrointestinal tract problems are not unheard in those with PKD. Poor appetite, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea are the complications.

To sum up, Polycystic Kidney Disease is not only a kidney issue but also a generalized disorder affecting other organs. Therefore, there should be an all around approach to treating the kidney health issues and the other organs such as the liver as well as the brain which has the dangers of aneurysms.

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