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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Signs If You Have PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease)

2014-11-23 07:59

Signs If You Have PKD (Polycystic Kidney Disease)Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder that can attack both children and adults. There will be some signs when people have PKD. Get facts about the signs can help you prevent or treat some problems effectively.

Signs of Polycystic Kidney Disease

● Back pain

This is the most common sign when people have Polycystic Kidney Disease. The cysts enlarge to very large size and start to compress renal tissues. The capsule of kidneys are stretched so pains occur in kidney area. Sometimes, this painful feeling can travel to upper parts such as flank and abdomen.

● High blood pressure

High blood pressure can be increased by the compression from big cysts. The big cysts oppress the kidney and stimulate it to secrete more renins, a hormone that will start the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS). The disordered system will raise the blood pressure to a high level.

● Protein or blood in urine

These two urine changes indicate the cysts has caused kidney damage. Proteinuria is not so common as hematuria (blood in urine). Due to the compression of cysts, the tiny blood vessels can burst so that blood is seen in the urine.

Some complications include:

● Kidney stone

● Repeated urinary tract infection (UTI)

● Itchy skin, pale skin

● Anemia that can lead to fatigue, dizziness, headache, etc

● Bone problem

● Cyst in the liver, pancreas and testicle

● Brain aneurysm

● Frequent and/or urgent urination

Since cases differ from individuals to individuals, Polycystic Kidney Disease patients may have not all the symptoms and may also have some other problems not listed above. If you are suffering from some discomforts, you can consult our doctors online directly.

To sum up, signs are not definite in Polycystic Kidney Disease patients, and you should take a test such as ultrasound, MRI, or CT Scan to diagnose. Then, you should take timely and appropriate treatment to shrink kidney cyst as well as improve kidney function. Wish everything goes well for you!

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