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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

High Fever Caused By Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-04-16 11:29

High Fever Caused By Polycystic Kidney DiseasePolycystic kidney disease can cause a series of symptoms and complications including back pain, infections, high blood pressure, hematuria, etc. In case of infections and hematuria, patients often suffer from high fever, mild to severe flank pain, etc.

There are mainly two conditions that can cause high fever for PKD patients. One is infection and the other is cyst bleeding.

Infections: the infection can occur in the urinary tract, renal cysts, kidneys or any part of the patient’s body. If the infection can not be effectively or timely treated, it can cause fever, chill and pains, etc. Orally taken antibiotics can help control the infections. In case of high fever and other severe symptoms, intravenous injection of antibiotics will be needed to first bring the infection under control, stabilize illness conditions and prevent further deterioration.

Cyst bleeding: with continuous growth and increase, both the number and size of renal cysts will increase and they will oppress and squeeze renal tissues and surrounding organs. In turn, they are oppressed by surrounding tissues. Besides, the lack of blood supply to the blood vessels on the cyst wall will cause the cysts easy to get rupture and cause cyst bleeding. If the cyst is connected with the urinary tract and bladder, it will cause blood in urine, flank pain, high fever; if the ruptured cyst does not communicate with the urinary tract, patients can feel flank pain and fever.

Besides, kidney stone, urinary tract obstruction, hydronephrosis and infections in other parts of the body can all be possible causes of high fever. Therefore it is necessary to first make clear the exact cause so as to have effective treatment. If treatment only aims at relieving high fever without addressing the root problem, it may delay the best period for effective treatment or even worsen illness conditions. This is because the drugs that are used to treat high fever can cause potential renal damages. Treatment for high fever caused by PKD should try to protect kidney functions at the same time of lowering high fever and treating other symptoms.

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