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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Symptoms Of Stage 5 Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-05-08 11:32

Polycystic kidney disease is a common hereditary renal cystic disease. Most patients have bilateral renal cysts with various sizes. These cysts will continue to become larger and more renal cysts will form and grow in the kidneys. Gradually normal renal tissues and renal structures will be damaged and renal functions will be lost little by little.

Since there is at present no treatment for genetic disease, most PKD patients will in the end progress into end stage kidney disease, also called end stage renal failure. Effective treatment can help slow down illness progression and prolong the patient’s life expectancy.

When PKD progresses into the end stage, dialysis or kidney transplant will be needed or the patient’s life will be threatened. In this stage, a series of symptoms and signs will develop. Knowing what these symptoms are can help us have early prevention and timely treatment.

End stage PKD patients have less than 10% kidney functions and the severely damaged kidneys can not function well to remove excess water, electrolytes and metabolic wastes from the blood. The normal secretion of erythropoietin and regulation of blood pressure can also be disturbed.

Extremely high serum creatinine levels, high BUN and high uric acid

There will be excessive accumulation of metabolic wastes and toxins in the patient’s blood due to reduced renal excretory functions. With the continuous production of creatinine, urea and uric acid, they will build up in the patient’s body and increase their levels in the blood.

High blood pressure

Nearly all end stage PKD patients will develop high blood pressure which can further worsen renal damages.

Renal anemia, fatigue, cold feeling

Reduced production of erythropoietin can cause low red blood cell count. High toxins in the blood can further damage the lifespan of red blood cells. Anemia can make patients to become tired and fatigue easily. They will always feel cold and there is no sweating.

Skin itching and bone pains

High toxins and electrolyte disorders can cause the skin to be dry or itching, bone pain and bone problems are also very common.

Back pains and blood in urine

In the end stage of PKD, the patient’s kidneys will be greatly enlarged and the size of renal cysts will be very large. They are easy to get rupture and cause back pain, infection, blood in urine, fever or even sharp deterioration of illness conditions.

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