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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Does PKD Cause Magnesium Deficiency

2013-08-15 10:35

Does PKD Cause Magnesium DeficiencyWhen a person’s serum magnesium level is less than 0.75mmol/L, we call it magnesium deficiency. Along with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, etc, magnesium deficiency does happen to some people with Polycystic Kidney Disease. Well, why does PKD cause magnesium deficiency? How to treat this disorder for PKD patients?

The causes of magnesium deficiency in PKD

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a common kidney disorder that has been the forth leading cause of kidney failure in the United States. During the progress of PKD, several conditions can lead to magnesium deficiency.

1. A heavy loss of magnesium in digestive tract: Magnesium is absorbed in small intestine and part of the colon. When patients have severe diarrhea, fat diarrhea, malabsorption, etc, magnesium deficiency occurs easily.

2. Some drugs: If PKD patients have swelling or high blood pressure, they may need to take some diuretics. The use of loop diuretic, thiazine or osmotic diuresis in the long term can be the reason of magnesium loss.

3. Insufficient supplement: Foods what we eat are a great source of magnesium. Insufficient supplement of magnesium is another cause of magnesium deficiency.

The symptoms of magnesium deficiency in PKD

The following symptoms can help PKD patients to find the disorder of their serum magnesium level early.

● Nausea and vomiting

● Loss of appetite and fatigue

● Muscle cramp or restless leg syndrome

● Arrhythmia

If you have one or more symptoms the above mentioned, taking a diagnosis and proper treatment immediately.

The treatments of magnesium deficiency in PKD

In severe cases, slow intravenous injection or drip of magnesium salt is needed. However, for PKD patients whose kidney function is damaged, they should be more careful, because some complications may occur during this process if incorrect.

Besides, a healthy diet is also very important. Eating some foods rich in magnesium is an essential part of the whole treatment. For example, spinach, potatoes, beans and some other foods. However, PKD patients should consume these foods with the doctor’s guidance. If you haven’t developed such a diet, you can tell us and we are glad to give a help.

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