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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)

2013-08-28 15:49

Symptoms of Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) refers to a genetic disease that mostly occur in adults and less in children. In clinical, the majority of patients with this disorder has a family history. And the main symptoms include:

1. Abdominal pain or back pain

These phenomenons are usually the primary symptoms. The pain are usually constant or temporary, it can be aggravated after physical work. Ruptured cyst and kidney stones are usually the causes of this type of pain.

2. Abnormal urine

The majority of the patients with this disease are always accompanied with hematuria (mostly gross hematuria), enlarged kidney and high blood pressure(hypertension). Nearly all the patients with this disorder are accompanied with mild and constant proteinuria. If there is urinary tract infection, purulent cell and white blood cell can be detected in the urine test.

3. Enlarged kidney

With the development of illness, many irregular cysts will occur on the surface of the kidneys. What’s more, the kidneys can even fill the entire abdominal cavity in advanced stage.

4. High blood pressure

About 50%-60% patients with PKD will experience elevated blood pressure. Dizziness and headache are usually the common symptoms. The emergence of high blood pressure are prior to renal insufficiency, and it can stimulate the progression of renal deterioration.

5. Renal insufficiency

The illness of about 50% patients with PKD can develop into renal insufficiency. As time went by, the risk of Polycystic Kidney Disease will be heightened. Individual cases will develop into kidney failure, generally, there will not be renal insufficiency before 40s.

6. Others

About a quarter of the patients will present renal colic, frequent urination, urgent urination, etc.

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