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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

What Causes Malnutritoin in Patients with Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-11-15 10:43

What Causes Malnutritoin in Patients with Polycystic Kidney DiseaseMalnutrition is a common complication of kidney disease patients. There are many factors that are connected with malnutrition caused by PKD. Read on and find what causes malnutrition in PKD patients.

Toxins in Stomach and Intestine

Polycystic Kidney Disease is a medical condition in which numerous cysts root and develop in the surface of kidneys. As the kidney cysts keep enlarging in size and in number, the kidneys tissues will be affected and cause kidney function decline.

As a result, kidneys fail to remove the toxins in the blood. When the toxins build up in the stomach and intestine, it will cause vomiting and nausea etc. This blocks the malnutrition is absorbed by your body, causing malnutrition.

Endocrine Dyscrasia

When kidneys are damage, endocrine dyscrasia is a common complication. This condition causes the disturbance of various natural hormone, which shows a bad impact in the production of protein and gluconic acid.


Dialysis may be suggested, when PKD develops into kidney failure. When your kidneys are failed, they cannot keep your blood clean. Dialysis can replace the kidneys to remove the toxins in the blood. However, dialysis als takes away the necessary substances in your body, such as protein and amino acid etc.

According to the research, patients with peritoneal dialysis may lose 5g~15g protein and 1.2g~4g amino acid. When it complicates with peritonitis, more than 50%~100% protein in the blood may go away with the dialyzate.


PKD can cause inflammation in the kidneys, causing kidney damage. When inflammation occurs, there must be inflammatory factors and these factors can decrease the synthesis of protein.


Acidosis is common to see in patients with kidney disease, which can restrain the production of albumin and increase the risk of resolving protein and amino acid etc.

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