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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Young Adults With Polycystic Kidney Disease

2014-06-17 00:26

Young Adults With Polycystic Kidney DiseasePolycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts in the kidneys. PKD can be inherited as an autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) or an autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (ARPKD).

What’s the type of Polycystic Kidney Disease in young adults?

Many people with autosomal dominant PKD live for several decades without developing symptoms. For this reason, autosomal dominant PKD is often called “adult polycystic kidney disease”. Yet, in some cases, cysts may form earlier in life and grow quickly, causing symptoms in childhood. ADPKD is the most common inherited form. Symptoms usually develop between the ages of 30 and 40. About 90 percent of all PKD cases are autosomal dominant PKD.

What are the symptoms in young adults with PKD?

The most common symptoms are pain in the back and the sides—between the ribs and hips—and headaches. The pain can be temporary or persistent, mild or severe.

Young adults with autosomal dominant PKD also can experience the following complications:

- Urinary tract infections (UTI)

- Hematuria—blood in the urine

- Liver and pancreatic cysts

- Abnormal heart valves

- High blood pressure

- Kidney stones

- Aneurysms—bulges in the walls of blood vessels

- Diverticulosis—small pouches bulge outward through the colon

How are young adults with PKD treated?

Since age is an factor that can affect the prognosis of PKD, a timely treatment is very necessary. Young adults have a relatively better physical health, so they need to talk with their doctors immediately if you have any of the complications listed above. The treatment should be based on the complications you have.

- Pain

Pain in the area of the kidneys can be caused by cyst infection, bleeding into cysts, kidney stones, or stretching of the fibrous tissue around the kidney with cyst growth. The first treatment you can think may be the over-counter pain killers, like aspirin or acetaminophen (Tylenol). However, some medicines may in turn injure your kidneys. You can consult our doctors online, and we will give you some specific suggestions.

- Urinary Tract Infection

People who have urinary tract infection are usually caused by cyst infection and they are commonly treated with antibiotics.

- High blood pressure

The well controlled high blood pressure can improve the prognosis of the young adults with polycystic kidney disease. A healthy diet plays a role in this process. Generally, low-salt and low protein diet is required.

Certainly, there are some other natural ways to improve the life quality of the young adults with PKD. We are glad to provide you help. You can leave a message below or email to

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