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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Nephrectomy For Polycystic Kidney Disease

2013-04-28 16:49

Nephrectomy is one surgery option for polycystic kidney disease especially in the later stage when the kidney is full of clusters of renal cysts and medicines and drugs can not control the symptoms.

More cautions should be made before the surgery of nephrectomy. In case of the following conditions will nephrectomy be considered.

PKD can cause pains in the back, abdomen and sides. If the pain is persistent and unbearable and it can not be relieved by drugs and medicines. If the pain begins to affect the patient’s normal life, surgery can be considered. Cyst puncture or laparoscopic decortication will be first done. If the condition is still very serious, nephrectomy may be recommended.

In case of bleeding. If there is large amount of blood loss and medicines fail to bring the bleeding under control, angiography, selective renal artery embolization or nephrectomy can be helpful.

High blood pressure is one common symptom of PKD and nearly all end stage PKD patients will develop elevated blood pressure which will in turn worsen renal damages and speed up the decline and loss of kidney functions. Low-salt diets, proper exercises, ACEI, ARB drugs can help lower high blood pressure. If all these measures fail to bring high blood pressure down, laparoscopic decortication, renal artery embolization or nephrectomy can be done.

In a word, when PKD progresses into end stage renal disease, new symptoms will develop and already existing symptoms will become worse and harder to control with mere medicines and drugs. More renal tissues will be damaged and more renal functions will be lost. Nephrectomy can help control symptoms and complications such as repeated cyst infection, cyst bleeding, refractory hypertension or if the kidneys are so enlarged that they extrude into the pelvic.

However if PKD can be treated in the early stage with Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy, symptoms can be eased, complications can be controlled, further illness progression can be prevented so that patients need not to suffer from the additional pains and injuries from the surgeries.

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