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Polycystic Kidney Disease& Kidney Cysts

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PKD & Kidney Cysts

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a group of disorders that result from the formation and progressive enlargement of cysts in the kidneys without dysplasia, usually leading to renal failure.

Polycystic Kidney Disease and Its Diagnosis

2017-06-06 09:16

Polycystic Kidney Disease and Its Diagnosis

PKD, also known as polycystic kidney disease, is a genetic disorder that cause multiple cysts grow in kidneys. This disease occurs in human and other animals. How to diagnose the PKD?

Polycystic Kidney Disease can be ascertained via a CT or MRI and ultrasound of the same are. Sometimes, physical examination/ test can reveal enlarged liver, heart murmurs and elevated blood pressure. Ultrasound is the most reliable and inexpensive one. If someone at risk for PKD is older than 40 years and has a normal ultrasound of the kidneys, she or he may not have PKD. And, MRI or CT can help find the smaller cysts that can not be found by ultrasound. In some situations, genetic testing might also be done. This involves a blood test that checks for abnormal genes that cause diseases. It can be done when people:

Has an uncertain diagnosis based on imaging tests;

Has a family history of PKD and wants to donate a kidney;

Is younger than 30 years old with a family history of PKD and a negative ultrasound, and is planning to start a family.

A person with severe back pain, blood in urine, high blood pressure, protein urine, should go to hospital to find out weather you have PKD or not.

If diagnosed with PKD, what should we do?

If we diagnosed with PKD, first of all, do not be terrified. This disease is a genetic disorder, yes, but it is a chronic kidney disease also. If we find a method to control the development of kidney cysts, we will never step into the kidney failure or ESRD stage. Besides, we have to take a good attitude toward our lifestyle, diet habit and regular exercise will be suggested.

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