Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic condition characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD) is a genetic condition characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys. These cysts may slowly replace much of the mass of the kidneys, leading to Kidney Failure.
It is common for our kidneys to develop small, fluid-filled cysts as we age, and we call these cysts simple kidney cysts. They are almost benign. However, PKD is a genetic disease that causes many cysts to grow in the kidneys, these cysts grow out of control and can overrun the kidneys.
PKD is one of the most common inherited disorders caused by mutations in a single gene. PKD is the fourth leading cause of Kidney Failure and affects about 500,000 people in the United States. The autosomal dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) is much more common than the autosomal recessive PKD. The former affects 1 in every 400 to 1,000 people, while the latter is estimated to occur in 1 in every 20,000 to 40,000 people. Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD) is found equally in men and women of all races. Because PKD is a genetic disease, a person is more at risk if one of his parents has the disease.
PKD can cause cysts in the liver and problems in other organs, such as the heart and blood vessels in brain. According to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, about 50% of people with ADPKD progress to Kidney Failure.
In many countries, there is no cure for PKD yet, patients can only take some steps to help slow the kidney damage:
● Eat a diet low in salt
● Avoid tobacco
● Keep a healthy blood pressure
● Control diabetes if having it
● Work with a kidney specialist to manage your Polycystic Kidney Disease(PKD)